Article 9

Posted on: October 2nd, 2011

Governments and members of society should ensure that national laws and policies protect the human right to life from conception. They should also reject and condemn pressure to adopt laws that legalize or depenalize abortion.

Treaty monitoring bodies, United Nations agencies and officers, regional and national courts, and others should desist from implicit or explicit assertions of a right to abortion based upon international law.

When such false assertions are made, or pressures exerted, member states should demand accountability from the United Nations system.

Providers of development aid should not promote or fund abortions. They should not make aid conditional on a recipient’s acceptance of abortion.

International maternal and child health care funding and programs should ensure a healthy outcome of pregnancy for both mother and child and should help mothers welcome new life in all circumstances.

We — human rights lawyers and advocates, scholars, elected officials, diplomats, and medical and international policy experts — hereby affirm these Articles.

 San Jose, Costa Rica

March 25, 2011

 * Institutions named for identifications purposes only.


Lord David Alton, House of Lords, Great Britain

Carl Anderson, Supreme Knight, Knights of Columbus

Guiseppe Benagiano, Professor of Gynecology, Perinatology and Childcare – Università “la Sapienza”, Rome, former Secretary General – International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)

Hon. Javier Borrego, former Judge, European Court of Human Rights

Christine Boutin, former Cabinet Minister – Government of France, current president Christian Democratic Party

Benjamin Bull, Senior Vice President, Alliance Defense Fund  

Hon. Martha De Casco, Member of Parliament, Honduras

Jakob Cornides, human rights lawyer

Professor John Finnis, Oxford University, University of Notre Dame

Professor Robert George, Princeton University

Patrick Kelly, Director of Public Policy, Knights of Columbus

Professor Elard Koch, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile

Santiago Legarre, Professor of Law, Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina

Leonard Leo, Former Delegate to the UN Human Rights Commission

Yuri Mantilla, Vice President for International Affairs, Focus on the Family

Cristobal Orrego, Human Rights Lawyer

Gregor Puppinck, Executive Director, European Center for Law and Justice

Ambassador  Grover  Joseph Rees, former US Ambassador to East Timor, Special US Representative to the UN on social issues

Austin Ruse, President, C-FAM

William Saunders, human rights lawyer, former delegate to the UN General Assembly

Alan Sears, President, President, Alliance Defense Fund

Marie Smith, President, Parliamentary Network for Critical Issues

Professor Carter Snead, Member, International Bioethics Committee, UNESCO and former U.S. Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe’s Steering Committee on Bioethics

Douglas Sylva, Delegate to the UN General Assembly

Hon. Francisco Tatad, former Majority Leader, Philippine Senate

Hon. Luca Volonte, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, President of the European People’s Party (PACE)

Lord Nicholas Windsor, House of Windsor

Susan Yoshihara, Director, International Organizations Research Group

Anna Zaborska, Member of the European Parliament, former Chair, Women’s Committee of the European Parliament

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